Graduated from UNAM with an Honours Degree in Economics, and completed postgraduate and doctoral studies at Oxford.

One of his books, The Collapse of Dignity, received the honour of making the NY Times best seller list. He has also been a columnist for the newspaper La Jornada for more than five years.

Director General of the Mexican Mint for 12 years, and also served as president of the international Mint Directors Conference for two years.

He has served his large and solid base of workers by consistently improving wages at an average annual rate of 12.5% over the last 12 years, more than twice the national average.

Irrefutably, definitively, incontestably and unanimously cleared of the alleged diversion of 55 million dollars by the SCJN on 28th August 2014. The INE (National Electoral Institute) has approved his candidacy based on no legal impediment.

Internationally recognized for defending human rights and the cause of mining workers in Mexico and across the world and for his leadership, in countries including the United States, Canada, Norway, Sweden and England.

Recipient of the Arthur-Svensson Prize, the labour sector’s most prestigious international award, and the AFL-CIO’s Meany-Kirkland Human Rights Award.

Defender of workers worldwide, with international collaborations.

Co-president for Latin America and only Mexican member of the international executive committee of IndustriALL, the world’s largest workers organization with more than 50 million members in 140 countries.

Only Mexican member of Workers Uniting, an organization established in countries including the United States, Canada, England, Scotland, Ireland and Mexico.